It is presumed that manuscripts report on work based on honest observations. However occasionally information becomes available with may contradict this. In such situations Libertas journals apply Committee on Publication Ethics guidelines on corrections, retractions and expressions of concern.
Errors in published papers may be identified requiring publication of a correction or erratum. Errata are published on a numbered page and will contain the original article's citation. Where an erratum is insufficient to address an error this will be dealt with on a case-by-case basis by the Editor in Chief. Inadequacies arising from the normal course of new scientific research are not within the scope of this and will require no correction or withdrawal.
Where substantial doubt arises as to the honesty or integrity of a submitted or published article it is the Editor in Chief's responsibility to ensure that the matter is adequately addressed, usually by the authors' sponsoring institution. It is not normally the Editor in Chief's responsibility to carry out the investigation or make a determination. The Editor in Chief should be promptly informed of the decision of the sponsoring institution and a retraction printed should it be determined that a fradulent paper was published. Alternatively, the Editor in Chief may choose to publish an expression of concern over aspects of the conduct or integrity of the work.
Retractions are published on a numbered page and contain the original article's citation.
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